The president, in distinction, is elected by in style vote for a time period of four years with no time period restrict. The elections for president, the Althing, and local municipal councils are all held separately every four years. The president of Iceland is a largely ceremonial head of state and serves as a diplomat, but might veto laws voted by the parliament and put them to a national referendum.[better source wanted] The president is Guðni Th. The highest elevation for Iceland is listed as 2,a hundred and ten m (6,923 ft) at Hvannadalshnúkur (sixty four°00′N sixteen°39′W). Geologically, Iceland is a part of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a ridge along which the oceanic crust spreads and forms new oceanic crust.
The largest seat of higher training is the University of Iceland, which has its primary campus in central Reykjavík. Other faculties offering university-level instruction embody Reykjavík University, University of Akureyri, Agricultural University of Iceland and Bifröst University. On 22 January 2009, Iceland announced its first round of offshore licences for companies eager to conduct hydrocarbon exploration and production in a area northeast of Iceland, known as the Dreki area.
According to Bloomberg, Iceland is on the trajectory of two% unemployment because of disaster-management decisions made back in 2008, including permitting the banks to fail. A ballot released on 5 March 2010 by Capacent Gallup confirmed that 31% of respondents had been in favour of adopting the euro and sixty nine% opposed. Another Capacent Gallup ballot carried out in February 2012 found that sixty seven.four% of Icelanders would reject EU membership in a referendum. The imbalance between districts has been lowered by the new system, however still exists.
Norsemen touchdown in Iceland – a 19th-century depiction by Oscar Wergeland. Until the 20th century, Iceland relied largely on subsistence fishing and agriculture. Industrialisation of the fisheries and Marshall Plan aid following World War II introduced prosperity and Iceland turned one of the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world. In 1994, it became part of the European Economic Area, which further diversified the economy into sectors such as finance, biotechnology, and manufacturing. A special type of continental island is the microcontinental island, which is created when a continent is rifted.
Carbon relationship indicates that it was abandoned someday between 770 and 880. In 2016, archeologists uncovered a longhouse in Stöðvarfjörður that has been dated to as early as 800.
Three exploration licenses have been awarded but all have been subsequently relinquished. Akureyri Airport (AEY) and Egilsstaðir Airport (EGS) are two different domestic airports with limited worldwide service capability. There are a complete of 103 registered airports and airfields in Iceland; most of them are unpaved and located in rural areas. The second longest runway is at Geitamelur, a 4-runway glider area round 100 km (62 mi) east of Reykjavík.
- In 1814, following the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark-Norway was damaged up into two separate kingdoms via the Treaty of Kiel but Iceland remained a Danish dependency.
- Throughout the nineteenth century, the country’s climate continued to grow colder, resulting in mass emigration to the New World, particularly to the region of Gimli, Manitoba in Canada, which was generally referred to as New Iceland.
- The country lies between latitudes 63 and 68°N, and longitudes 25 and thirteen°W.
American troops returned to Iceland because the Iceland Defence Force, and remained throughout the Cold War. The US withdrew the final of its forces on 30 September 2006. On 31 December 1943, the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union expired after 25 years. Beginning on 20 May 1944, Icelanders voted in a four-day plebiscite on whether to terminate the personal union with Denmark, abolish the monarchy, and establish a republic.
This a part of the mid-ocean ridge is located above a mantle plume, inflicting Iceland to be subaerial (above the surface of the sea). The ridge marks the boundary between the Eurasian and North American Plates, and Iceland was created by rifting and accretion through volcanism along the ridge. The nation formally became a member of NATO on 30 March 1949, amid domestic controversy and riots. On 5 May 1951, a defence settlement was signed with the United States.
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The vote was ninety seven% to end the union, and ninety five% in favour of the brand new republican structure. Iceland formally became a republic on 17 June 1944, with Sveinn Björnsson as its first president.
Word Origin For Island
Around the center of the 16th century, as part of the Protestant Reformation, King Christian III of Denmark began to impose Lutheranism on all his subjects. Jón Arason, the final Catholic bishop of Hólar, was beheaded in 1550 together with two of his sons. The nation subsequently became formally Lutheran and Lutheranism has since remained the dominant religion. According to both Landnámabók and Íslendingabók, monks often known as the Papar lived in Iceland before Scandinavian settlers arrived, possibly members of a Hiberno-Scottish mission. Recent archaeological excavations have revealed the ruins of a cabin in Hafnir on the Reykjanes peninsula.